Self study Japanese Lesson 9: Verbs 2

Dear all,

In lesson 9, we are going further into verbs.

As mentioned in lesson 7, there are generally 2 types of verbs, transitive (他動詞/たどうし/ta-dou-shi)  and intransitive verbs (自動詞/じどうし/ji-dou-shi).

As many of you may know, transitive verbs take in a object and intransitive verbs don’t take in an object.

The general structure is like this.

Person wa Object o Verb

E.g
HKさん は いちご を たべます。
HK san wa Ichigo o tabemasu
HK is going to eat/will eat strawberry

============================================

In lesson 9, we are going to learn how to say the location where you do an action.

The structure is like this.

Person wa Place de Object o Verb

E.g

HKさん は うちで いちご を たべます。
HK san wa uchi de ichigo o tabemasu
HK is going to eat/will eat strawberry at home.

If you at a 「か」 at the back, it will become a question.

E.g

HKさん は うちで いちご を たべますか
HK san wa uchi de ichigo o tabemasu ka
Is HK is going to eat/will eat strawberry at home?

。。。はい、うちで たべます。 (hai, uchi de tabemasu/Yes, he is going to eat/will eat at home.)

。。。いいえ、うちで たべません。 (iie, uchi de tabemasen/No he is not going to/will not eat at home)

======================================

To make the verb become negative, change the 「ます/masu」 to 「ません/masen」。

E.g

たべます (to eat)

たべません(not to eat)

のみます (to drink)

のみません (not to drink)

======================================

To make the verb become past tense, change the 「ます/masu」 to 「ました/mashita」。

E.g

たべます (to eat)

たべました(ate)

のみます (to drink)

のみました (drank)

======================================

To make the verb become negative past tense, change the 「ます/masu」 to 「ませんでした/masen deshita」。

E.g

たべます (to eat)

たべませんでした(did not ate)

のみます (to drink)

のみませんでした (did not drink)

======================================

Try the following sentences and see if you can get the answers. Email us your answers for a small gift on Japanese studies. This is applicable to all students from all over the world.

Subject of email: Self Study Japanese Lesson 9 quiz

Name:

Email address:

How long you have been self studying Japanese:

======================================

1. Annie drank a coke at KFC

2. Sister (いもうと/imouto) ate lunch (ひるごはん) at home

3. Bryan did not buy chicken (チキン/chikin) at Macdonalds. He bought it at Long John Silvers

4. Hiroki wrote a letter (てがみ/tegami) in Shibuya.

5. Did Peter buy coffee at Starbucks? No, he didn’t.

 

In Lesson 10, we will move on to describe things using adjectives.

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