N4 Notes: L46 to L50

みなさん、 I have just written a new set of powerpoint slides to help you understand Chapter 46 to Chapter 50 of Minna no Nihongo. Feel free to download them below. 中級日本語46_50 Cheers, Can  

Cheat Sheet on ない-form/Passive-form/Causative-form

みなさん、 こんばんは。I have some extra time today. So i did a cheat sheet on ない-form/passive form and causative form today. Feel free to use it. Cheers, Can Legend: 他: transitive verb 自: intransitive verb

Introduction to 未然形 2 (Conjugation of ない-form/受身形/使役形)

みなさん、 おはようございます。 Today i will be talking about conjugation of ない-form/受身形/使役形. Yesterday we looked at 未然形 (in this post, i will refer it as 未). Let’s take a look at how to change to the various forms. Group 1 verbs/五段動詞 ない-form: 未+ない (かいますー>かいー>かわ (未然形)→かわない) 受身形: 未+れます (かいますー>かいー>かわ (未然形)→かわれます) 使役形: 未+せます (かいますー>かいー>かわ (未然形)→かわせます) 使役受身形: 未+されます (かいますー>かいー>かわ…

Introduction to Keigo Part 6: 美化語

みなさん、 こんにちは。 We have come to the last part of the Keigo family member, 美化語 (びかご). By beautifying nouns, it expresses politeness towards the other party. It is used in a lot of situations, regardless of the other party’s status. 日本語:上品な言葉づかいによって相手への敬意を表す。高める相手の有無を問わず幅広く使う。 By attaching 「お」 or 「ご」to the word, it becomes a 美化語。Take note that not…

Introduction to Keigo Part 5: 丁重語

みなさん、おはようございます。 Today, we come to the “brother” of 謙譲語(けんじょうご)、the 丁重語(ていちょうご)。 We use this in a situation when there is no other party that we want to praise. By deprecating ourselves, we also express politeness. 日本語: 自分の動作をへりくだることで丁重な表現をする。高める相手がいない場合に使う。 Let’s also revise the difference between 謙譲語 (humble form) and 丁重語 (courteous form). Some words in 丁重語 (ていちょうご) いる ⇒ おる…

Introduction to Keigo Part 4: 丁寧語

みなさん、 こんばんは。Next up, we have our 丁寧語 (ていねいご), one of the easiest of 敬語。 I guess most of us are familiar with ~です or ~ます. How about ございます or でございます? Source: http://www.eurohope.com This is what we call 丁寧語 (ていねいご) / Polite form. It express the politeness towards the other party through the usage of polite words….

Introduction to Keigo Part 3: 謙譲語

みなさん、 こんばんは。 I will be sharing what is 謙譲語 tonight. What is 謙譲語 (けんじょうご)? 謙譲語(けんじょうご) is also known as humble form. It is used to lift up the other party’s status by deprecating speaker’s own action and to express the respect towards that person. 日本語: 自分の動作をへりくだることで相手を高めて、その人物に対しての敬意を表す。 In my table above, Level 1 refers to people who are…

Giving and Receiving 3 with いただきます

みなさん、 こんにちは。 I have fallen ill (burnout), but nonetheless, i still want to finish writing this set of posts. Today, i will cover いただきます。Let’s take a look the difference between いただきます and もらいます。 For those who have not read Part 2 of the series, i will repeat myself again. Level 2 refers to 目上の人(i.e superiors,…

Giving and Receiving 2 (くださいます/さしあげます)N4

みなさん、 こんにちは。 To continue from i stopped yesterday. Today we will go 1 step further to explain くださいます and さしあげます。 Let’s take a look at the following table. In my table above, Level 2 refers to 目上の人(i.e superiors, seniors, teachers, etc). Level 1 refers to people who are in the same social status (i.e friends,…

New Intermediate Class Starting

Hi all, We will be starting our Intermediate class someone around Jul. Students will be able to attend prep lessons for Intermediate from May onwards at $5/lesson. Below are the details for the lesson Date: end Jul/start Aug Time: 10-12pm Slots: 8 (2 slots left) Location: Waterloo Centre Fees: $330 for 10 lessons (total of…