Cheat Sheet on ない-form/Passive-form/Causative-form

みなさん、 こんばんは。I have some extra time today. So i did a cheat sheet on ない-form/passive form and causative form today. Feel free to use it. Cheers, Can Legend: 他: transitive verb 自: intransitive verb

Japanese Particles Cheat Sheet

みなさん、 こんばんは。Did a Japanese particles cheat sheet. Feel free to refer. The L refers to the chapter in Minna no Nihongo. Cheers, Can

Introduction to 未然形 2 (Conjugation of ない-form/受身形/使役形)

みなさん、 おはようございます。 Today i will be talking about conjugation of ない-form/受身形/使役形. Yesterday we looked at 未然形 (in this post, i will refer it as 未). Let’s take a look at how to change to the various forms. Group 1 verbs/五段動詞 ない-form: 未+ない (かいますー>かいー>かわ (未然形)→かわない) 受身形: 未+れます (かいますー>かいー>かわ (未然形)→かわれます) 使役形: 未+せます (かいますー>かいー>かわ (未然形)→かわせます) 使役受身形: 未+されます (かいますー>かいー>かわ…

Introduction to 未然形 1 (Imperfective form)

みなさん、 こんばんは。 At the request of some students, this week i will be writing about 未然形 (みぜんけい), ない-form, 受身形 (うけみけい/passive form) and 使役形 (しえきけい/causative form) I am sure those who have studied Genki, Minna no Nihongo or any other textbook, you would know what is ない-form. So what is 未然形 (みぜんけい)? 未然形 is one of…

Introduction to Keigo Part 4: 丁寧語

みなさん、 こんばんは。Next up, we have our 丁寧語 (ていねいご), one of the easiest of 敬語。 I guess most of us are familiar with ~です or ~ます. How about ございます or でございます? Source: http://www.eurohope.com This is what we call 丁寧語 (ていねいご) / Polite form. It express the politeness towards the other party through the usage of polite words….

Introduction to Keigo Part 1: Types of Keigo

みなさん、 こんばんは。 Today, I will be introducing Keigo as part of the new series upcoming for next week. Let’s learn the different types of Keigo that we have today. In the olden days, there were only 3 types of Keigo, 尊敬語 (そんけいご), 謙譲語 (けんじょうご) and 丁寧語 (ていねいご). In 2017, another 2 types of 敬語、丁重語 (ていちょうご),…

Giving and Receiving 3 with いただきます

みなさん、 こんにちは。 I have fallen ill (burnout), but nonetheless, i still want to finish writing this set of posts. Today, i will cover いただきます。Let’s take a look the difference between いただきます and もらいます。 For those who have not read Part 2 of the series, i will repeat myself again. Level 2 refers to 目上の人(i.e superiors,…

Giving and Receiving 2 (くださいます/さしあげます)N4

みなさん、 こんにちは。 To continue from i stopped yesterday. Today we will go 1 step further to explain くださいます and さしあげます。 Let’s take a look at the following table. In my table above, Level 2 refers to 目上の人(i.e superiors, seniors, teachers, etc). Level 1 refers to people who are in the same social status (i.e friends,…

Giving and Receiving with あげます/もらいます/くれます (N5)

みなさん、 こんばんは。 Today i would like to explain about あげます/もらいます/くれます。 「あげます/give」 わたしは ともだちに 花(はな)を あげました。 I gave my friend flowers. Structure: Giver は Receiver of Action に Object を あげます。 In this case, 「わたし」 is the giver, 「ともだち」is the receiver, 「はな」being the object given. __________________________________________________ 「もらいます/receive」 わたしは ともだちに 花(はな)を もらいました。 I received flowers from my friend . Structure: Receiver of Action は…