Category Archives: N5

Beginner Japanese: Foundation Studies starting

Hi all,

Our July Beginner Japanese class is confirmed. If you have not registered, please contact us via here to arrange to find out more.

Starting Date: 5th July 2020
Time: 12:00pm to 2:00pm (timing changed to accommodate for next class)
Slots: 6 (3 slots left)
Fees: $200 for 10 lessons/ subsequent term: $320 for 10 lessons
Textbook: $70 (to be used for 5 terms)


New Beginner Japanese class

Hi all,

We have changed our Beginner Japanese class originally scheduled for morning to afternoon.

Date: July 2020 (to be confirmed near the date)
Time: 12:15pm-2:15pm
Fees: $320 for 10 lessons/1 term (Early bird discount: $200 for 10 lessons)
Textbook: $70 (Term 2 onwards)
Slots: 6

Do drop us an email via the contact form if you are interested to learn.


Differences between 「なければならない」と「なければいけない」: Repost


おはようございます。This is a repost.


例:  国民はみんま税金を払わなければなりません。



E.g この(_______)に入れるのは、助詞でなくてはいけません。


この映画はすごく面白いので、みんな見なければなりません。 ->不自然

この映画はすごく面白いので、みんな見たほうがいいです。 ->OK
Hi all.

This is a repost.

I’ll like to explain the difference between 「なければならい」と「なければいけない」.

「なければならない」express that the speaker has an obligation to do ~

E.g  国民はみんま税金を払わなければなりません。 (Citizens have to pay tax)


On the other hand, 「なければいけない」 is used when the speaker expresses to the listener that the listener has an obligation to do ~

E.g この(_______)に入れるのは、助詞でなくてはいけません。 (You must put in a particle in the brackets)


Take note that these 2 grammar points cannot be used to give advice and when expressing one’s own aspirations.


この映画はすごく面白いので、みんな見なければなりません。 ->>Unnatural

この映画はすごく面白いので、みんな見たほうがいいです。 ->OK


Source: Tobira, Gateway to Advanced Japanese


Difference between に and で – Repost



こんにちは。This is a repost.
(Today, i received my correction for my teaching course assignment. There’s a question in the assignment regarding 「に」 and 「で」 which i like to talk about. )

① 移動行為の方向を示します. 英語の「to」に大体対応します。 (Indicate a direction of a movement act. It’s similar to 「to」 in English. )
② また、間接目的語の後ろにも置かれます。 (Also, it is also put after an indirect object.)
私はAKB48コンサートへ行きます。 (I went to AKB48 concert. (point 1) )
姉は私に辞書をかってくれました。 (My sister bought a dictionary for me)

① 活動場所を示し、場所の後に置かれます。 (It indicates the place of the activity and is put after the place)

AKB48会場で歌を聞きます。 (I listen to songs at AKB48 concert hall)
秋葉原駅で待っています。 (I am waiting at Akihabara)

In contrast to the above example on 「で」, 「に」 is a particle that describes existence, let’s take a look at the below examples.


② 「名前はそこ書きました。」

What are the differences between and ?

For ①、 you are describing that the location of where your name is being written to (to a piece of paper) . 「i wrote my name over there (maybe somewhere on a piece of paper)」

For ②, you are describing that the location of where the action of “your name is written (e.g on a table/in a room) ” 「i wrote my name over there (on a table/room/etc) 」

③ 「庭物置を建てた」 (In the garden, a store room is built)

④ 「庭物置を建てた」 (In the garden, a store room was built)

For ③、 the place where the store room exists is in the garden. There’s a possibility where the garden can also be somewhere else in the garden.

For ④、the building of the store room is done at the garden, where the store room is, it is probably somewhere else in the garden.

⑤ 「あそこボールを投げる」 (I am throwing the ball to over there)

⑥「あそこボールを投げる」 (I am throwing the ball over there)

For ⑤、You are describing the location of where the ball will end up (あそこ)

For ⑥、You are describing the location of which the action of throwing the ball is being done.

⑦ 「そこステレオがあります」 (There’s a stereo over there)

⑧ 「そこパーティがあります」 (There’s a party of there)

Also, if you are describing location of nouns that has no movement (e.g ステレオ), use 「に」。

For unnatural/dynamic nouns (e.g パーティ,結婚式 ), use 「で」.

⑨ 「仕事に疲れる」(精神的にまいっている) 

⑩ 「仕事で疲れる」(肉体疲労)

In sentence 9 and 10, 「に」 is used for mental fatigue, 「で」 is used for physical fatigue.