Category Archives: N4

Introduction to Keigo Part 3: 謙譲語

みなさん、

こんばんは。 I will be sharing what is 謙譲語 tonight.

What is 謙譲語 (けんじょうご)?
謙譲語(けんじょうご) is also known as humble form. It is used to lift up the other party’s status by deprecating speaker’s own action and to express the respect towards that person.

日本語: 自分の動作をへりくだることで相手を高めて、その人物に対しての敬意を表す。

orimasu
In my table above, Level 1 refers to people who are in the same social status (i.e friends, acquaintances, etc).What about Level 0? In the aspect of Keigo, i take it the level which the speaker humbles himself/herself down to a lower social status (e.g an eunuch talking to the emperor).

Let’s take a look at some examples.

わたしは 土曜日(どようび)に 友達(ともだち)の家 (うち) に いきます。
I will go to my friend’s house on Saturday.

わたしは 月曜日(げつようび)に 御社(おんしゃ)に 伺います(うかがいます)。
I will visit your company on Monday.
(Speaker humbles himself/herself down to a lower social status)

How to form verbs in 謙譲語?

There are 3 ways where you can form verbs in 謙譲語.

  1. お+連用形/ます-form+します (For 五段動詞 (Group 1) and 一段動詞 (Group 2) ) 

Example sentences:

  1. わたくし は 本日(ほんじつ)の予定(よてい) を おおくりします。
    (I will send you today’s schedule)
  2. こちらは レポートを おかきします。 (We will write the report)

__________________________________________________

2. ご+漢語+します (漢語 means words like 説明(せつめい)します or 案内(あんない) します)

  1. 本日(ほんじつ)のスケジュールをご説明します。 (I will explain today’s schedule)
  2. 本館(ほんかん)の施設(しせつ)をご案内します。 (I will guide you on the facilitys of this institution)

3. Special Words

The last way would be to use the special words. Take note that not all the words are here as i have removed some which are under 丁重語 (ていちょうご).

orimasu2

Example sentences:

  1. せんせいに これを さしあげます。 (I will (humbly) give this to sensei)
  2. 月曜日に A社の社長 に お目にかかります。
    (I will (humbly) meet the CEO for Company A on Monday)
  3. その資料(しりょう)を 拝見 (はいけん) しても よろしいでしょうか。
    (Can i (humbly) take a look at that materials (that you have)?)
  4. 自分(じぶん) の意見 (いけん)  を申し上げます。
    I will (humbly) say my own opinions.

 

A lot of students feedback to me that they always have issues with 敬語。I personally feel it is lack of practice. If we can practice it a bit more in our daily life, then speaking it should not be a problem. Last time, when i was still studying this, i remember i would speak to myself and change all the verbs to 敬語 every day for about 3 months.

For example:

「わたしは 日本へ行きます。」「わたくしは 御社(おんしゃ)にうかいがいます」, etc, etc

 

I hope you have understood the usage of how to use 謙譲語 by reading this article. Feel free to let me know if you are having issues with 謙譲語。

Have a great day/night.

Cheers,
Can

 

Giving and Receiving 3 with いただきます

みなさん、

こんにちは。

I have fallen ill (burnout), but nonetheless, i still want to finish writing this set of posts.

Today, i will cover いただきます。Let’s take a look the difference between いただきます and もらいます。

For those who have not read Part 2 of the series, i will repeat myself again.

Level 2 refers to 目上の人(i.e superiors, seniors, teachers, etc).
Level 1 refers to people who are in the same social status (i.e friends, acquaintances, etc).

Let’s take a look at the following example from the post 2 days ago.

わたしは ともだちに 花(はな)を もらいました。 (I received flowers from my friend)

In the event, if you are receiving something from someone who is in a higher status than you, e.g seniors, superiors, teachers, etc, it may be better to use 「いただきます」instead of 「もらいます」。

Some examples would be:

わたしは せんせいに 花(はな)を いただきました。 (I received flowers from my sensei)

わたしは しゃちょうに おみやげを いただきました。 (I received souvenirs from my company director)

Legend:
Red: Giver of action
Blue: Receiver of action
Green: Object

Take note that if you were to use 「もらいます」or 「いただきます」, the person receiving has to be you or someone who is emotionally close to you (e.g your family members, your colleagues at your company).

 

I hope you understand today’s article. Part 4 would be one of the hardest to understand, i would try to break it down so that it is easier for you.

 

Cheers,
Can

 

Giving and Receiving 2 (くださいます/さしあげます)N4

みなさん、

こんにちは。

To continue from i stopped yesterday.

Today we will go 1 step further to explain くださいます and さしあげます。

Let’s take a look at the following table.

In my table above, Level 2 refers to 目上の人(i.e superiors, seniors, teachers, etc).
Level 1 refers to people who are in the same social status (i.e friends, acquaintances, etc).

Let’s take a look at the following example from yesterday’s post.
わたしは ともだちに 花(はな)を あげました。(I gave flowers to my friend).

 

In the event if you wish to say “I gave flowers to your teacher”, it would be better to say
わたしは   せんせいに 花(はな)を さしあげました。

This would be in Level 2 politeness. Basically, you change 「あげます」 to 「さしあげます」to indicate the status of the receiver.

 

Similarly, let’s recap on くれます。

ともだちわたし本(ほん)をくれました。

(My friend gave me a book)

If you wish to say your sensei or someone of a higher status gave you or your family member something,
it would be better to use くださいます。

An example would be below:

先生 わたし本(ほん)を くださいました。(My teacher gave me a book)

Some other example sentences:

 

さしあげます

わたしは 課長(かちょう)に りんごを さしあげました。(I gave apples to my section chief)

わたしは 社長(しゃちょう)に おみやげを さしあげました。 (I gave souvenirs to my company director)

 

くださいます

せんせいは いもうとに 着物(きもの)を くださいました。 (Sensei gave my younger sister a set of kimono)

かちょうは わたしに おみやげを くださいました。 (My section chief gave me some souvenirs)

 

Legend:
Red: Giver of action
Blue: Receiver of action
Green: Object

Tomorrow/this weekend i will work on Giving and Receiving Part 3 (いただきます) and
Giving and Receiving Part 4 (て+くれます・くださいます/ て+もらいます・いただきます/て+あげます・さしあげます)

 

Hope you all understand a little better about くださいます and さしあげます。

Have a great Friday ahead.

 

Cheers,

Can

 

New Intermediate Class Starting

Hi all,

We will be starting our Intermediate class someone around Jul.

Students will be able to attend prep lessons for Intermediate from May onwards at $5/lesson.

Below are the details for the lesson

Date: end Jul/start Aug
Time: 10-12pm
Slots: 8 (2 slots left)
Location: Waterloo Centre
Fees: $330 for 10 lessons (total of 5-6 terms), depending on students` progress.

After Intermediate, students will be able to attempt N4 or N3 (for the better students)

Students must have passed N5 and sit for a placement test to do this level.

/Can

Identifying Verb Group

Hi all,

One of the things about learning 国語 (Kokugo, the Japanese language which is learned by native Japanese) is that they have different ways of identifying their group 1, 2 and 3 verbs.

If you are unsure if a verb is group 1 or 2, remove the る、ない、た、etc from the verb and add a ない、if it ends with a [あ]-sound, then its a group 1, else its a group 2.

e.g はなさない (hana-SA-nai) : group 1
たべない (ta-BE-nai): group 2
みない (MI-nai): group 2…

Have a good weekend ahead.

/Can

New classes

Hi all,

There are some new classes which i have just added.

  1. Intermediate 2 class (starting 8th July Tues)
  2. Beginner class: Foundation Studies (starting 11th Aug Fri)

Feel free to contact me via telephone number (listed in contact us page) or email for future details.

Cheers,
Can

N2/N4/N5 prep class (Last min discount)

Hi all,

I am closing the registration for N2/N4 and N5 prep class.

As such, i am giving a last min discount for those who wish to pass the exam, especially for N2.

If you fail, the 2nd attempt would be paid by me. (Terms and conditions apply)

Kindly call me the number listed in Contact Me to discuss on the discount.

N2 prep class starts tomorrow.
N4/N5 prep class starts the following week (26th June)

Cheers,
Can