Category Archives: N4

Giving and Receiving 2 (くださいます/さしあげます)N4



To continue from i stopped yesterday.

Today we will go 1 step further to explain くださいます and さしあげます。

Let’s take a look at the following table.

In my table above, Level 2 refers to 目上の人(i.e superiors, seniors, teachers, etc).
Level 1 refers to people who are in the same social status (i.e friends, acquaintances, etc).

Let’s take a look at the following example from yesterday’s post.
わたしは ともだちに 花(はな)を あげました。(I gave flowers to my friend).


In the event if you wish to say “I gave flowers to your teacher”, it would be better to say
わたしは   せんせいに 花(はな)を さしあげました。

This would be in Level 2 politeness. Basically, you change 「あげます」 to 「さしあげます」to indicate the status of the receiver.


Similarly, let’s recap on くれます。


(My friend gave me a book)

If you wish to say your sensei or someone of a higher status gave you or your family member something,
it would be better to use くださいます。

An example would be below:

先生 わたし本(ほん)を くださいました。(My teacher gave me a book)

Some other example sentences:



わたしは 課長(かちょう)に りんごを さしあげました。(I gave apples to my section chief)

わたしは 社長(しゃちょう)に おみやげを さしあげました。 (I gave souvenirs to my company director)



せんせいは いもうとに 着物(きもの)を くださいました。 (Sensei gave my younger sister a set of kimono)

かちょうは わたしに おみやげを くださいました。 (My section chief gave me some souvenirs)


Red: Giver of action
Blue: Receiver of action
Green: Object

Tomorrow/this weekend i will work on Giving and Receiving Part 3 (いただきます) and
Giving and Receiving Part 4 (て+くれます・くださいます/ て+もらいます・いただきます/て+あげます・さしあげます)


Hope you all understand a little better about くださいます and さしあげます。

Have a great Friday ahead.





New Intermediate Class Starting

Hi all,

We will be starting our Intermediate class someone around Jul.

Students will be able to attend prep lessons for Intermediate from May onwards at $5/lesson.

Below are the details for the lesson

Date: end Jul/start Aug
Time: 10-12pm
Slots: 8 (2 slots left)
Location: Waterloo Centre
Fees: $330 for 10 lessons (total of 5-6 terms), depending on students` progress.

After Intermediate, students will be able to attempt N4 or N3 (for the better students)

Students must have passed N5 and sit for a placement test to do this level.


Identifying Verb Group

Hi all,

One of the things about learning 国語 (Kokugo, the Japanese language which is learned by native Japanese) is that they have different ways of identifying their group 1, 2 and 3 verbs.

If you are unsure if a verb is group 1 or 2, remove the る、ない、た、etc from the verb and add a ない、if it ends with a [あ]-sound, then its a group 1, else its a group 2.

e.g はなさない (hana-SA-nai) : group 1
たべない (ta-BE-nai): group 2
みない (MI-nai): group 2…

Have a good weekend ahead.


New classes

Hi all,

There are some new classes which i have just added.

  1. Intermediate 2 class (starting 8th July Tues)
  2. Beginner class: Foundation Studies (starting 11th Aug Fri)

Feel free to contact me via telephone number (listed in contact us page) or email for future details.


N2/N4/N5 prep class (Last min discount)

Hi all,

I am closing the registration for N2/N4 and N5 prep class.

As such, i am giving a last min discount for those who wish to pass the exam, especially for N2.

If you fail, the 2nd attempt would be paid by me. (Terms and conditions apply)

Kindly call me the number listed in Contact Me to discuss on the discount.

N2 prep class starts tomorrow.
N4/N5 prep class starts the following week (26th June)



Do not skip your N4 and N5



Today`s post is on not skipping your N4 and N5.

I saw this post by a guy on the forum:

I went for XXX’s prep course for both N2 and N1. For the other grades, I think it’s possible to self study them, but I never took those exams because I felt it was a waste of money.

Kindly allow me to add something that a lot of Japanese learners don`t know, not even most teachers in the schools. I got to know this as i have been doing research on JLPT since 2010, take exams with my students (毎年生徒とSMUを”散歩”しましょう. (笑) ) and also attend teacher conferences with teachers from other countries.

Every level of JLPT tests you on different areas of the language.


N5: Ability to use correct particles in sentences, basic vocabulary, basic usage of forms, usage of time, date, usage of adverbs, Japanese greetings

N4: Ability to identify usage of transitive/intransitive verbs, potential/passive/volitional forms sentence structures, usage of similar vocabulary (e.g ごはんをたべる vs 食事), basic usage of Keigo (not in recent years), usage of time, date, usage of adverbs

N3: Intermediate level vocabulary, Ability to read composition on people, simple official notices, Keigo, causative passive form, ~そうです, conversational sentences

N2: Understanding of N3, N4 and N5 grammar, Ability to read newspaper articles, official notices, understand simple business conversations, usage of Keigo, causative passive form
usage of particles in sentences.

N1: Understanding of N1-N5 grammar. Ability to read abstract articles, newspaper articles, understand complex business conversations, advanced Keigo, usage of particles in difficult sentences.Depending which year you took JLPT, you might have missed out the important stuff that you need to know.

We also see a trend that N1 vocabulary is tested in N3 (Dec 2016), N4,N5 stuff tested in N1 (Dec 2016)

So students who are taking N1 or N2, please, please make sure that you revise your foundation stuff.


N4文法:意向形+と思います vs ~つもりです





I am thinking of going to Japan.

I intend to go to Japan.

I am going to Japan.
可能性(かのうせい) からみると (if I see it from the level of possibility),  パーセントで表示(ひょうじ)します。

I am thinking of going to Japan.
60-70%可能性 (60-70% possibility of going)

I intend to go to Japan.
80-90%可能性 (80-90% possibility of going)

I am going to Japan.
100%可能性 (100% possibility of going)


みんなの日本語第15課 (結婚しています)を思い出してください。



「日本へ行こうと思っています」indicates that the thought was made quite some time ago whereas 「日本へ行こうと思います」indicates it was a sudden thought when the speaker was being asked.

じゃ、みなさんは日本へ行くつもりですか? (^_^)






N2/N4 Prep Class information out

For those taking JLPT N2 and N4, i am offering prep classes.
Kindly see the following details.

N2 prep class
Dates: 26th, 27th, 29th, 30th, 31st June
Times: 1030am-1230pm (Sun), 7pm-9.30pm (rest of the days)
Fees: $250 for 5 sessions
Slots left: 3
Guarantee pass or 2nd take is FOC.

N2 prep class topics
1) Exam time management
2) Handling 読解 questions (which qns to aim for to get higher marks)
3) Common exam vocabulary tested
4) Common exam grammar tested
5) Tackling listening questions (which qns to aim for to get higher marks)
6) Speed reading for 読解 questions

N4 prep class
Dates: 18th, 19th June (Sat/Sun)
Times: 1030am-130pm, 230pm-630pm
Fees: $150 for 4 sessions (HWZ frequent poster) , $200 for 4 sessions (others)
Slots left: 3
Guarantee pass or 2nd take is FOC.

N4 prep class topics
1) Common exam vocabulary tested
2) Common exam grammar tested
3) Revision of N4/N5 grammar
4) Tackling listening questions (which qns to aim for to get higher marks)

For those who would like to request for subsidized/free lessons, you may be required to show some form of documentation (i.e payslip, etc).

Hope i can help more people out there who have difficulty passing N2/N4.