Tag Archives: Japanese grammar terms

Japanese Grammar Structure (Updated)

Dear all,

おはようございます!

If you recall my post yesterday that i talked about Japanese grammatical terms, today i am going to share how and why the grammatical terms matter.

To make things short, i am going to refer 名詞 (Nouns) as 名, 助詞 (Particles) as 助, 動詞 (Verbs) as 動, 副詞 (Adverbs) as 副, 形容詞 (Adjectives) as 形, etc

Let’s take a look at a few example sentences.

Figure 1: I am Tanaka

Figure 2: I drank water.

Do you find that it is easier for you to understand how the grammar structure work?
I see that a lot of Japanese schools here in Singapore do not use this structural method of teaching the students, except for Hougang Japanese Language School, my alma mater.

If you are good in Mathematics and remember the grammar structures, you would be able to do something like this.

Figure 3: The beautiful teacher bought expensive water.

Japanese-structure3

Figure 4: The beautiful sensei met the handsome Tanaka-san right?

Once you are able to construct a diagram like the above, what you need to do is to use sentences to internalize what you have learned into these structures as shown above. In this way, you would be able to form sentences more easily. For example, you would know that to link 2 words (e.g a noun (名詞) and a verb (動詞) together, you would require a noun, a particle and a verb.

Knowing how grammatical terms are linked enables you to form sentences more easily. You would not ever need to remember… “Eh, how to say Mr Miller met Ms Sakura at Donki Hote”, just remember the grammar structures in boxes.

I would have a few parts on this article tomorrow or next Tues, so stay tuned!

 

 

Japanese Grammatical Terms

Dear all,

I have made a list of Japanese grammatical terms. Please feel free to use it.
The list will add up more and more.

If i have time, i will go through how to all this link up together and why it is important to know all these terms.

/Can

Hiragana Roomaji Meaning
名詞(めいし) mei-shi Noun (e.g things, objects)
動詞(どうし) dou-shi Verb (i.e action words like eat, drink, etc)
e.g たべます、のみます
形容詞(けいようし) kei-you-shi Adjective (i.e descriptive words like pretty, happy, etc) (e.g いそがしい、たかい)
接続詞 (せつぞくし) se-tsu-zo-ku-shi Conjunction (e.g そして、それから)

 

助詞(じょし) jyo-shi Particle (e.g は (wa) , が (ga, etc)

 

副詞 (ふくし) fu-ku-shi Adverb (e.g だんだん、ときどき)
疑問詞 (ぎもんし) gi-mon-shi Question word

(E.g who, what, etc)

感動詞 (かんどうし) kan-dou-shi Interjection
(e.g 「ああ」「はい」「いいえ」)
助動詞 (じょどうし) jou-dou-shi auxiliary verb
(e.g ~されます、~そうです、~ようだ)