Tetsu: My Journey into Japanese Foundation Studies (Lesson 5)

On the 5th lesson, Can sensei taught us the some basic Japanese verbs (notably transitive verbs たどうし), as well as how to generate a sentence pattern using transitive verbs.

Sensei also taught us that we can use the ren-you-kei (连用形) to assist in forming proper sentences. The ren-you-kei makes use of the front portion of a verb.

For example: The verb for “eat” is ta-be-masu(たべます). But if we are to say “ate”, we will need to remove the ma-su“ます”portion, and replace it with ma-shita “ました”. And if we are to say “did not eat”, we will substitute ma-su“ます”with masen deshita “ませんでした”.

In another words :

Ate = たべました

Did not eat = たべませんでした

 

As practice, Can sensei asked the class to form sentences using a given set of objects and verbs in order to get us familiarized with the sentencing pattern, and attempt to speak it aloud as well. Can Sensei then corrected us on the mistakes that we make as we read it out, at the same time, correcting our mistakes that we wrote on paper, allowing us to know where our mistakes lie.

To cap the lesson off, we viewed an episode of a Japanese drama “Dragon Zakura”, which was adapted from a Japanese manga, and tells the story of a poor lawyer trying to get his career on track by helping to prepare five students to pass the entrance exam of the University of Tokyo. In the drama, we focused on the words that are being spoken, as well as how sentences are being formed by the actors.

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