認知心理学

How to remember Japanese words/grammar?

みなさん、

おはようございます。Today’s post is about how to remember Japanese words/grammar.

Students always ask me, “Sensei, how to remember Japanese words/grammar huh?”

Today, while studying, I came across a good approach and would like to share this with all learners out there.

It is called “Levels of processing”, developed by Craik and Lockhart in 1972. The approach suggests that attentional and perceptual processes at the time of learning determine what is held in our long-term memory. This can be identified in terms of shallow/physical processing (e.g. detecting specific letters in words, whether the word is written in bold, etc.) and deep/semantic processing (e.g. extracting meaning from stimuli).

There are two key assumptions with this approach:

  • information is memorable based on how deep the level of processing is
  • elaborate, long-lasting and strong memory traces are produced by deeper levels of analysis.

In order to fully understand the levels of processing approach, it is important to look at maintenance rehearsal and elaborative rehearsal.

Maintenance rehearsal relates to the repetition of a process, for example repeating a word over and over again. (or testing yourself the vocabulary or grammar over and over again)

Elaborative rehearsal refers to a deeper, more semantic analysis, for example thinking about how frequently a word is used in the Japanese language.

The levels of processing approach therefore suggests that long-term memory depends on:

Elaboration of processing – amount and complexity (Craik & Tulving, 1975).
Simple sentence: 「KFCを食べた」
Complex sentence: 「ハンサムなケン先生は にぎかななIONで KFCを食べました。」

Distinctiveness of processing – kind (Bransford, Franks, Morris & Stein, 1979). Distinctive but not elaborate simile: “a mosquito is like a doctor because they both draw blood”. Non-distinctive but elaborate simile: “a mosquito is like a raccoon because they both have heads, legs and jaws”

In essence, the more elaborate the processing or the more distinctive the process, the better the memory performance is.

I personally prefer to use maintenance rehearsal when I am learning Japanese. みなさんは どう思いますか (What do you guys think?) . Another way that I think you can use is to use colors when you are doing up your notes.

ケン

Beginner, Beginner Japanese, N5

Beginner Japanese class (Tues evening/conducted online)

Hi all,

We have a number of enquiries for online lessons to be held.
As such, we will be opening our first batch of online lessons on Tues evening.

Starting Date: 23rd March 2021 (Tues)
Time: 7:30pm-9:30pm
Fees: $200 for the 1st term of 10 lessons, subsequent terms $330 for 10 lessons
Slots: 6
Teacher: Teo-sensei/Jasper-sensei

For enquiries, please email us via the contact us form located here.

/Can

Others

Beginner Lunchtime Zoom lessons

Hi all,

We have received some requests to start Lunchtime Zoom lessons.
We will be starting our lunchtime Zoom lessons in March.

Starting date: 1st March(Mon)/2nd March(Tues)
Days: Choose from Mon and Thurs/Tues and Fri
Time: 12:00pm-12:30pm/12:35pm-1:05pm
Promo fees: $100 (original fees: $120/ 30 mins x 10 sessions)
Slots: 6
Teacher: Jasper/Can

The good thing about these lessons is that you can join another day if your schedule doesn’t fit. However, please take note that there are no makeup lessons, if you can’t make it on the same week. We will record the lesson for you if you are unable to attend.

This is a good chance to learn Japanese if you realize you don’t have time to attend classes after work.

For enquiries, please email us via the Contact Us form.

/Can


Others

Thank you to all students/potential students/viewers of our website

Hi all,

Today, a parent and a potential student came down to have a readiness interview. The parent said, “I chose to have my child (around 16/17 years old) to learn from you guys, because of the free materials that you put on your website.”

She continued, “I read that you guys also incorporate Japanese culture into the class. It made me feel that you guys are really concerned about the students’ wellbeing even though we haven’t officially enrol in the lessons. “

Before she left with her child, we gave her a tote bag, a tumbler, a file, a notebook and some materials for her 1st lesson. She ended the interview with us, saying “Well Done!”

We are not like the other schools out there. Students who joined us would know that we really care about the students’ wellbeing. Free food, souvenirs for students who really work hard. We are just simple people who wish to share our love for Japan.

I wish to end this post saying thank you to all students and all viewers of our website. I hope that our website is helpful in your Japanese studies.

誠にありがとうございます。m(_ _)m

Can

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Others

Beginner Japanese class: Sun AM

Hi all,

Our Sunday Beginner class is short of a few students to start. If you would like to see how far you can go with us, give us a try. The course details are as follows:

Starting Date: 14th Feb 2021 (Sun) -might start 1 week later if the whole class is ok.

Time: 10am to 12pm

Fees: $200 for 10 lessons (Original fees: $330 for 10 lessons)

Teacher: Jasper-sensei /Can-sensei (backup)

For those who cannot make it for the Sunday class, the Friday class is also available.

To sign up or for enquiries, drop us a message via the Contact Us form.

/Can