Category Archives: N5

Introduction to 未然形 2 (Conjugation of ない-form/受身形/使役形)

みなさん、

おはようございます。

Today i will be talking about conjugation of ない-form/受身形/使役形.

Yesterday we looked at 未然形 (in this post, i will refer it as 未).

Let’s take a look at how to change to the various forms.

Group 1 verbs/五段動詞

ない-form: 未+ない (かいますー>かいー>かわ (未然形)→かわない)

受身形: 未+れます (かいますー>かいー>かわ (未然形)→かわれます)

使役形: 未+せます (かいますー>かいー>かわ (未然形)→かわせます)

使役受身形: 未+されます (かいますー>かいー>かわ (未然形)→かわされます)

Exception: verbs on the さ row

使役受身形: 未+せられます (はなしますー>はなしー>はなさ (未然形)→はなさせられます)

 

Group 2 verbs/ 一段動詞

ない-form: 未+ない (たべますー>たべ (未然形)→たべない)

受身形: 未+られます (たべますー>たべ (未然形)→たべられます)

使役形: 未+させます (たべますー>たべ (未然形)→たべさせます)

使役受身形: 未+させられます (たべますー>たべ (未然形)→たべさせられます)

 

Group 3 verbs/ サ変動詞, カ変動詞

します

します→しない

します→されます (Exception)

します→させます (Exception)

します→させられます (Exception)

Notice all the exceptions uses さ, instead of し? I will explain a bit more in the last article. So hold your doubts for the moment.

きます

ない-form: 未+ない (きますー>きー>こ (未然形)ー>こない)

受身形: 未+られます  (きますー>きー>こ (未然形)ー>こられます)

使役形: 未+させます (きますー>きー>こ (未然形)ー>こさせます)

使役受身形: 未+させられます (きますー>きー>こ (未然形)ー>こさせられます)

Tomorrow, i will discuss on the basic grammar under ない-form.

Thank you.

/Can

Introduction to 未然形 1 (Imperfective form)

みなさん、

こんばんは。

At the request of some students, this week i will be writing about 未然形 (みぜんけい), ない-form, 受身形 (うけみけい/passive form) and 使役形 (しえきけい/causative form)

I am sure those who have studied Genki, Minna no Nihongo or any other textbook, you would know what is ない-form. So what is 未然形 (みぜんけい)?

未然形 is one of the forms that native Japanese learn in school to form ない-form, 受身形、使役形、意向形, etc. In this week`s articles, my focus will be more on 未然形, ない-form, 受身形 and 使役形.

In the Japanese language (known as 国語/こくご) that native Japanese learn, there is only 未然形、連用形、終止形、連体形、仮定形 and 命令形。
How to form 未然形?
Group 1 verbs/五段動詞

Step 1: Remove 「ます」from the verb.

かいますー>か

Step 2: Change the last Hiragana to あ-段 (だん)/ あ-column

ー>かわ (未然形)

Note: All い will change to わ (e.g つかいますー>つかわ)


Group 2 verbs / 一段動詞

Step 1: Remove 「ます」from the verb.
たべます->たべ (未然形)

Group 3 verbs /サ変動詞 (さへんどうし) and カ変動詞 (かへんどうし)
ますー>し (未然形)
ますー>こ (未然形)

Tomorrow i will start to talk on how to conjugate to ない-form、受身形 and 使役形。

Cheers,
Can

Beginner Japanese: Foundation Studies

Dear all,

I will be starting a new Japanese class before i retire from Japanese teaching, since the Mastering Japanese pronunciation class has no students taking up.

Date: 27th June 18
Time: 730-930pm
Location: Waterloo Centre (exact location to be advised later)
Fees: $250 inclusive of classroom rental and textbook/10 sessions
Number of students: 8 (need to have 8, if not fees will be $300)

If you wish to attend a trial lesson to see how i teach before signing up, please contact me privately.

Progression Path:
https://learnjapanese.sg/progression-path/

To sign up, please drop me an email via the Contact Us form or Whatsapp me at 8288-5682

/Can

Giving and Receiving with あげます/もらいます/くれます (N5)

みなさん、

こんばんは。

Today i would like to explain about あげます/もらいます/くれます。
「あげます/give」
わたしは ともだちに 花(はな)を あげました。

I gave my friend flowers.

Structure:
GiverReceiver of ActionObject を あげます。

In this case, 「わたし」 is the giver, 「ともだち」is the receiver, 「はな」being the object given.

__________________________________________________
「もらいます/receive」
わたしは ともだちに 花(はな)を もらいました。

I received flowers from my friend .

Structure:
Receiver of Action GiverObject を あげます。

In this case, 「ともだち」 is the giver, 「わたし」is the receiver, 「はな」being the object given.

__________________________________________________

Wait, what about くれます then? This diagram will make it clear.

Its the direct opposite of 「もらいます」.

Take note that when you use 「くれます」, the receiver of action must be you or your family member.

Structure:
GiverReceiver of Action (You/your family member)Object を くれます。

Take note you cannot say:

「ともだちは わたしに はな を あげました。」

but you can say

「ともだちは 木村さんに はな を あげました。」

Some more example sentences:
あげます / Structure: GiverReceiver of ActionObject を あげます。

1) 先生は 木村さんに 本(ほん)を あげました。 (Sensei gave Kimura-san a book)

2) は 田中さんに チョコレートを あげました。 (I gave Tanaka-san chocolates)

もらいます / Receiver of Action GiverObject を もらいます。

3) は 先生に キットカット を もらいました。 (I received Kitkat from sensei)

4) 木村さんは 先生に 本(ほん)を もらいました。(Kimura-san received a book from sensei)

くれます / GiverReceiver of Action (You/your family member)Object を くれます。

5) ともだちは に おかしを くれました。(My friend gave my younger sister sweets)

6) ともだちは  わたしに  じしょを くれました。 (My friend gave me a dictionary)

Try to write some example sentences and post below. I will mark them for you.

My next grammar article will be on くださいます/さしあげます。

Cheers,

Can

New N5 Prep Class

Hi all,
I would be opening a new N5 Prep class to prepare for July`s paper.
Dates: 24th Jun morning, 25th, 27th, 28th Jun night
Time: 10-1pm (24th Jun), 7-930pm (25th, 27th, 28th Jun)
Fees: $250
Slots: 6
 
Guaranteed pass. For details, please drop me a message.

Beginner Japanese Course: 4 seats left

Hi all,

We have only 4 seats left for our Thurs Beginner Japanese course.

This might be the last Beginner course offered for the year. To sign up, please drop us a message via the Contact Us form. Trial lessons are also available.

Starting Date: 29th March 2018 (Thurs)
Time: 7-930pm
Slots: 6
Fees: $315/term (10 lessons) inclusive of textbook for 3 terms

/Can

Updated class for Beginner Japanese: Foundation Studies

Hi all,

I have changed the class (originally held on a Wed) to a Thurs.

Starting Date: 29th March 2018 (Thurs)
Time: 7-930pm
Slots: 6
Fees: $315/term (10 lessons) inclusive of textbook for 3 terms.

The whole beginner course is 4 terms to complete.
Session is now longer, but we will finish the syllabus faster.

Hope those interested can sign up and try for yourself.

Cheers,
Can

New Beginner Class

Dear all,

I will be starting a new foundation studies class. Please see below for details

Starting Date: 21st March 18 (Wed)
Time: 7-830pm
Slots: 6
Fees: $240 for 10 sessions (Total of 50 sessions to complete the whole Beginner course)
Textbook: $15

For more information on the course content, kindly refer to https://goo.gl/qso9UZ

If you are interested, please drop me an email via the Contact Me link.

Cheers,
Can