Category Archives: N5

Test your Japanese: For Beginners (6 months and above)

Hi all,
This is a good practice of whether you know your basics. Chapters are tagged to Minna no Nihongo marked in brackets. Feel free to email me to get your answers checked. I will pm u the answers for those who have answered.
 
I work from 9 to 6pm every week (L4)
My lunch time is from 12-1pm (L4)
I am going to Japan with my friend via airplane on 12th December. (L5)
I ate dinner at Takashimaya at 6pm with my teacher. (L4/L6)
Won’t we watch a movie together? (L6)
Yesterday, I used fork and spoon to eat dinner. (L4/L7)
I learn Japanese from Can-sensei (L7)
I gave chocolates to Kim-san on Christmas (L4/L7)
I bought red flowers at Isetan at 7pm (L4/L6/L8)
I like delicious food (L8/L9)
Sensei is good in Japanese (L9)
Do you have a pair of scissors (L9)
I don’t understand difficult Japanese (L8/L9)
Because I didn’t have time, I didn’t eat breakfast this morning (L9/L4)
Where is Kinokuniya? (L10) It is between Citibank and SMBC. (L10)
What is there in Kinokuniya? (L10) There are lots of books (L11)
Please give me 2 sets of 50 yen stamps (L11)
There are 3 American students in this class. (L11)
I watch movie twice a month (L11)
I studied Japanese for 6 months in Singapore.
It takes 7 hours to reach Japan by plane. (L11)
Yesterday, it rained. (L12)
Tokyo is bigger than Osaka (L12)
Compared to Osaka, Tokyo is bigger (L12)
Between soccer and baseball, which is more difficult? (L12/L8) Soccer is more difficult.
Out of all the food, which is the most delicious (L12)
I don’t want a car. (L13)
I want to buy a black color camera. (L8/L13)
I want to go home to eat dinner (L13)

New Beginner Japanese: Foundation Studies class (Sat)

Dear all,
I will be starting a new Japanese class for Saturday.
Date: 6th Oct 18 (Sat) or once we have 6 students.
Time: 1-3pm
Location: Waterloo Centre (exact location to be advised later)
Fees: $300 inclusive of classroom rental and textbook/10 sessions
Number of students: 6
Try 5 lessons for $80.
If you wish to attend a trial lesson to see how i teach before signing up, please contact me privately.
Cheers,
Can

New Beginner Japanese: Foundation Studies class (Sat)

Dear all,
I will be starting a new Japanese class for Saturday.
Date: 1st Sept 18 (Sat) or once we have 6 students.
Time: 3-5pm
Location: Waterloo Centre (exact location to be advised later)
Fees: $300 inclusive of classroom rental and textbook/10 sessions
Number of students: 6
Try 5 lessons for $80.
If you wish to attend a trial lesson to see how i teach before signing up, please contact me privately.
Cheers,
Can

Introduction to 未然形 2 (Conjugation of ない-form/受身形/使役形)

みなさん、

おはようございます。

Today i will be talking about conjugation of ない-form/受身形/使役形.

Yesterday we looked at 未然形 (in this post, i will refer it as 未).

Let’s take a look at how to change to the various forms.

Group 1 verbs/五段動詞

ない-form: 未+ない (かいますー>かいー>かわ (未然形)→かわない)

受身形: 未+れます (かいますー>かいー>かわ (未然形)→かわれます)

使役形: 未+せます (かいますー>かいー>かわ (未然形)→かわせます)

使役受身形: 未+されます (かいますー>かいー>かわ (未然形)→かわされます)

Exception: verbs on the さ row

使役受身形: 未+せられます (はなしますー>はなしー>はなさ (未然形)→はなさせられます)

 

Group 2 verbs/ 一段動詞

ない-form: 未+ない (たべますー>たべ (未然形)→たべない)

受身形: 未+られます (たべますー>たべ (未然形)→たべられます)

使役形: 未+させます (たべますー>たべ (未然形)→たべさせます)

使役受身形: 未+させられます (たべますー>たべ (未然形)→たべさせられます)

 

Group 3 verbs/ サ変動詞, カ変動詞

します

します→しない

します→されます (Exception)

します→させます (Exception)

します→させられます (Exception)

Notice all the exceptions uses さ, instead of し? I will explain a bit more in the last article. So hold your doubts for the moment.

きます

ない-form: 未+ない (きますー>きー>こ (未然形)ー>こない)

受身形: 未+られます  (きますー>きー>こ (未然形)ー>こられます)

使役形: 未+させます (きますー>きー>こ (未然形)ー>こさせます)

使役受身形: 未+させられます (きますー>きー>こ (未然形)ー>こさせられます)

Tomorrow, i will discuss on the basic grammar under ない-form.

Thank you.

/Can

Introduction to 未然形 1 (Imperfective form)

みなさん、

こんばんは。

At the request of some students, this week i will be writing about 未然形 (みぜんけい), ない-form, 受身形 (うけみけい/passive form) and 使役形 (しえきけい/causative form)

I am sure those who have studied Genki, Minna no Nihongo or any other textbook, you would know what is ない-form. So what is 未然形 (みぜんけい)?

未然形 is one of the forms that native Japanese learn in school to form ない-form, 受身形、使役形、意向形, etc. In this week`s articles, my focus will be more on 未然形, ない-form, 受身形 and 使役形.

In the Japanese language (known as 国語/こくご) that native Japanese learn, there is only 未然形、連用形、終止形、連体形、仮定形 and 命令形。
How to form 未然形?
Group 1 verbs/五段動詞

Step 1: Remove 「ます」from the verb.

かいますー>か

Step 2: Change the last Hiragana to あ-段 (だん)/ あ-column

ー>かわ (未然形)

Note: All い will change to わ (e.g つかいますー>つかわ)


Group 2 verbs / 一段動詞

Step 1: Remove 「ます」from the verb.
たべます->たべ (未然形)

Group 3 verbs /サ変動詞 (さへんどうし) and カ変動詞 (かへんどうし)
ますー>し (未然形)
ますー>こ (未然形)

Tomorrow i will start to talk on how to conjugate to ない-form、受身形 and 使役形。

Cheers,
Can